Time …. Historical
Time lasts for eternity…time… a unit of measurement. Time…and a short history of how it has been measured through the ages be it hours, days, months, by seasons or other. Time…something we all wish we had more of; more for enjoyment; more to get all those “TO DO” lists done in a day; more just for the sake of having more…
45 Before Common Era: “The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 45 BCE (Before Common Era) and replaced the Roman Calendar. The Julian calendar has a regular (common) year of 365 days divided into 12 months with a leap day added to the month of February every four years (leap year).” (read more here) The Julian calendar added July and August to the calendar of months…making the year 12 months instead of 10. Have you ever looked at the words that make up our calendar? October. Octa meaning Eight. November. Novem or Nona meaning Nine. December. Deca meaning ten. Numerical prefixes in greek and latin are found throughout the world. The calendar is just one example. But looking at those numerical prefixes and looking at the months they represent show how un-ordered our time (measured in months) became through the Julian Calendar. December is NOT the 10th month but the 12th. October is the tenth month, NOT the 8th. Time…measured and represented through man…changed throughout history. These changes have always fascinated me.
Time from 1883 to 1966: “In 1883, U.S. and Canadian railroads adopted a four-zone system to govern their operations and reduce the confusion resulting from some 100 conflicting locally established “sun times” observed in terminals across the country. States and municipalities then adopted one of the four zones, which were the eastern, central, mountain, and Pacific Time zones. Local decisions on which time zone to adopt were usually influenced by the time used by the railroads.
Federal oversight of time zones began in 1918 with the enactment of the Standard Time Act, which vested the Interstate Commerce Commission with the responsibility for establishing boundaries between the standard time zones in the continental United States. This responsibility was transferred from the Interstate Commerce Commission to DOT when Congress created DOT in 1966.
Today, the Uniform Time Act of 1966 (15 U.S.C. §§ 260-64) establishes a system of uniform Daylight Saving Time throughout the Nation and its possessions, and provides that either Congress or the Secretary of Transportation can change a time-zone boundary” (read more here)
Time from 1966 to Y2K: Does anyone remember Y2K? It came and went with very little presence in reality…for most of the general public. Most of the general public knew of the possibilities and panicked to prepare for the worst…but most of us never really saw any bit of the hype that was Y2K. “In year 2000, the computer systems could interpret 00 as 1900 messing up all the computing work.” (read more here) You see, the two digit
representation of years (again a measurement of time) would “reset” in the digital languages starting with the new millennium that would be the year 2000… Y2K! Many thought that this glitch would crash our computer ruled age of records and set us back into the dark ages.
The year 2000 came and went like a ship in the night with only our imaginations and the media records that hyped “what could have been” and was labeled “Y2K”.
“The Gregorian calendar is today’s internationally accepted civil calendar and is also known as the “Western calendar” or “Christian calendar”. It was named after the man who first introduced it in February 1582: Pope Gregory XIII.” (read more here)